Get Current Location Using Background Service Download Source code here
AndroidManifest.xml




    
    
    

    
        
            
                

                
            
        

        
    





activity_main.xml



    

    



    

        
        


    

        

            
            


        

        

            
            


        

        

            
            


        
        

            
            


        

    

    



MainActivity.java
package servicetutorial.service;

import android.*;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.ActivityManager;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.content.SharedPreferences;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.location.Address;
import android.location.Geocoder;
import android.preference.PreferenceManager;
import android.renderscript.Double2;
import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Locale;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    Button btn_start;
    private static final int REQUEST_PERMISSIONS = 100;
    boolean boolean_permission;
    TextView tv_latitude, tv_longitude, tv_address,tv_area,tv_locality;
    SharedPreferences mPref;
    SharedPreferences.Editor medit;
    Double latitude,longitude;
    Geocoder geocoder;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        btn_start = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn_start);
        tv_address = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_address);
        tv_latitude = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_latitude);
        tv_longitude = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_longitude);
        tv_area = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tv_area);
        tv_locality = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tv_locality);
        geocoder = new Geocoder(this, Locale.getDefault());
        mPref = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(getApplicationContext());
        medit = mPref.edit();


        btn_start.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (boolean_permission) {

                    if (mPref.getString("service", "").matches("")) {
                        medit.putString("service", "service").commit();

                        Intent intent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), GoogleService.class);
                        startService(intent);

                    } else {
                        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Service is already running", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    }
                } else {
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Please enable the gps", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }

            }
        });

        fn_permission();
    }

    private void fn_permission() {
        if ((ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(getApplicationContext(), android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED)) {

            if ((ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(MainActivity.this, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION))) {


            } else {
                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(MainActivity.this, new String[]{android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION

                        },
                        REQUEST_PERMISSIONS);

            }
        } else {
            boolean_permission = true;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {
        super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);

        switch (requestCode) {
            case REQUEST_PERMISSIONS: {
                if (grantResults.length > 0 && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                    boolean_permission = true;

                } else {
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Please allow the permission", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

                }
            }
        }
    }

    private BroadcastReceiver broadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
        @Override
        public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {

            latitude = Double.valueOf(intent.getStringExtra("latutide"));
            longitude = Double.valueOf(intent.getStringExtra("longitude"));

            List
addresses = null; try { addresses = geocoder.getFromLocation(latitude, longitude, 1); String cityName = addresses.get(0).getAddressLine(0); String stateName = addresses.get(0).getAddressLine(1); String countryName = addresses.get(0).getAddressLine(2); tv_area.setText(addresses.get(0).getAdminArea()); tv_locality.setText(stateName); tv_address.setText(countryName); } catch (IOException e1) { e1.printStackTrace(); } tv_latitude.setText(latitude+””); tv_longitude.setText(longitude+””); tv_address.getText(); } }; @Override protected void onResume() { super.onResume(); registerReceiver(broadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter(GoogleService.str_receiver)); } @Override protected void onPause() { super.onPause(); unregisterReceiver(broadcastReceiver); } }
GoogleService.java
package servicetutorial.service;

import android.app.Service;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import android.util.Log;

import java.util.Timer;
import java.util.TimerTask;

/**
 * Created by deepshikha on 24/11/16.
 */

public class GoogleService extends Service implements LocationListener{

    boolean isGPSEnable = false;
    boolean isNetworkEnable = false;
    double latitude,longitude;
    LocationManager locationManager;
    Location location;
    private Handler mHandler = new Handler();
    private Timer mTimer = null;
    long notify_interval = 1000;
    public static String str_receiver = "servicetutorial.service.receiver";
    Intent intent;




    public GoogleService() {

    }

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();

        mTimer = new Timer();
        mTimer.schedule(new TimerTaskToGetLocation(),5,notify_interval);
        intent = new Intent(str_receiver);
//        fn_getlocation();
    }

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {

    }

    private void fn_getlocation(){
        locationManager = (LocationManager)getApplicationContext().getSystemService(LOCATION_SERVICE);
        isGPSEnable = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        isNetworkEnable = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

        if (!isGPSEnable && !isNetworkEnable){

        }else {

            if (isNetworkEnable){
                location = null;
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER,1000,0,this);
                if (locationManager!=null){
                    location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
                    if (location!=null){

                        Log.e("latitude",location.getLatitude()+"");
                        Log.e("longitude",location.getLongitude()+"");

                        latitude = location.getLatitude();
                        longitude = location.getLongitude();
                        fn_update(location);
                    }
                }

            }


            if (isGPSEnable){
                location = null;
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER,1000,0,this);
                if (locationManager!=null){
                    location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
                    if (location!=null){
                        Log.e("latitude",location.getLatitude()+"");
                        Log.e("longitude",location.getLongitude()+"");
                        latitude = location.getLatitude();
                        longitude = location.getLongitude();
                        fn_update(location);
                    }
                }
            }


        }

    }

    private class TimerTaskToGetLocation extends TimerTask{
        @Override
        public void run() {

            mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    fn_getlocation();
                }
            });

        }
    }

    private void fn_update(Location location){

        intent.putExtra("latutide",location.getLatitude()+"");
        intent.putExtra("longitude",location.getLongitude()+"");
        sendBroadcast(intent);
    }


}
 


Add this dependency

compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:9.4.0'
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